Emergency lighting is a type of lighting that becomes effective in time when the general power supply for artificial lighting is interrupted. It is the umbrella term for stand-by lighting and safety lighting.
Types of emergency lighting
Stand-by lighting serves to facilitate continuation of ongoing work which cannot be interrupted (e.g. surgeries in hospitals) for certain reasons.
Safety lighting is subdivided into
safety lighting for escape routes (for safe recognition of escape routes and safe evacuation of rooms),
anti-panic lighting (serves to reduce the risk of panic in large crowds e.g. at open air concerts, big events at night-time, in spectator areas at indoor sports events etc. as well as in shopping malls and to provide sufficient visual conditions for orientation and safe evacuation towards escape routes), and
safety lighting for work places with particular hazards (for safe completion of tasks and evacuation of the room).